In this episode, Dave and Andrew explore an early work by a composer who transformed American music with his singular vision. But how did a composer who concocted a personal aesthetic reflecting a fascination with "life, death, love, the smell of the earth, the sounds of the wind and the sea" impact artists like David Bowie and directors like William Friedkin (who used Crumb's music in The Exorcist)?

If you'd like more information about George Crumb, we recommend:

  1. George Crumb's New York Times obituary
  2. Thomas Riis's "A Conversation with George Crumb" in The American Music Research Center Journal, Vol. 3 (Jan 1, 1993)
  3. Crumb's article "Music: Does It Have a Future?" in
    The Kenyon Review Vol. 2, No. 3 (Summer, 1980), pp. 115-122
  4. Crumb's website: